# Question 7 and 8 Exercise 6.2

Solutions of Question 7 and 8 of Exercise 6.2 of Unit 06: Permutation, Combination and Probablity. This is unit of A Textbook of Mathematics for Grade XI is published by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Textbook Board (KPTB or KPTBB) Peshawar, Pakistan.

## Question 7(i)

How many three digits numbers can be formed from the digits $1,2,3,4$ and 5 if repetitions allowed?

### Solution

There are three places (hundred digit, ten digit and unit digit place) to be filled by five digits,

Moreover repetition is allowed.

Hence $E_1$ occurs in $m_1=5$ ways only

$E_2$ occurs in $\cdot m_2=5$ ways

$E_3$ occurs in $m_3=5$ ways

Thus by fundamental principle of counting the total number of three digits in this case are: $$m_1 \cdot m_2 \cdot m_3=5.5 \cdot 5=125$$

## Question 7(ii)

How many three digits numbers can be formed from the digits $1,2,3,4$ and 5 if repetitions are not allowed?

### Solution

If repetition is not allowed then each digit can appear once in each number.

In this case

$E_1$ occurs in $m_1=5$ different ways

$E_2$ occurs in $m_2=4$ ways

$E_3$ occurs in $m_3=3$ ways.

Thus by fundamental principle of 'counting the total number of three digits in this case are: $$m_1 \cdot m_2 \cdot m_3=5 \cdot 4 \cdot 3=60$$

## Question 8

How many different arrangements can be formed of the word “equation” if all the vowels are to be kept together?

### Solution

The total number of alphabets in word equation are $8$, out of which $5$ are vowels.

If all the vowels are to kept together, then we shall deal all the vowels as a single alphabet.

So, there are four places to be filled with four alphabets.

Total places to be filled with alphabets now $=4$

Total number of ways this four places to be fillod $=4$ !

Total number of ways that 5 vowels themselves can be arrange are $=5$ !

Thus the total number of ways that the alphabets not vowel can be arrange are $=3$ !

Hence, by fundamental principle of counting the total number of different arrangements are: $4 ! \cdot 5 ! \cdot 3 !=17280$

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