# Topology: Handwritten Notes

A handwritten notes of Topology by Mr. Tahir Mehmood. These notes covers almost every topic which required to learn for MSc mathematics.

Name | Topology: Handwritten Notes |
---|---|

Author | Mr. Tahir Mahmood |

Pages | 262 pages |

Format | Scanned PDF |

Size | 10.08 mB |

### Contents & Summary

- Metric space
- Minkowski's inequality
- Open set
- Closed ball
- Closed set
- Bounded set
- Limit point
- Closure of a set
- Convergence in metric space and complete metric space
- Cauchy sequence
- Bounded sequence
- Nested interval property or Cantor's intersection theorem
- Continuous function
- Topological spaces
- Metric topology, cofinite topology
- Open set
- Closed set
- Closure of a set
- Neighbourhood
- Interior point, exterior point
- Boundary point
- Limit point (with respect to topology)
- Isolated point
- Dense
- Separable set; Countable set
- Base of topology
- Neighbourhood base or local base or base at a point
- Open cover; Lindelof space
- Lindelof theorem
- Relative topology, subspace
- Separation axioms; $T_0$-space
- $T_1$-space
- Subbase; Generation of topologies
- $T_2$-space
- Continuous function (with respect to topologies)
- Product topology
- Convergence of sequence in topological spaces

- Regular space
- Completely regular space
- Compactness in topological spaces
- Homeomorphism
- Countably compact space
- Bolzano Weierstrass property
- Lebesgue number; Big set; Lebesgue covery lemma
- $\varepsilon-$net; Totally bounded
- Connected spaces; Disconnected
- Component
- Totally disconnected
- Separated
- Normed spaced
- Uniformly continuous
- Closed unit ball; Convex set
- Vector space
- Linear combination; Spanning set; Linearly independent
- Linearly dependent
- Linearly independent lemma
- Finite dimensional; Subspace
- Equivalent norms
- Banach space
- Reiz Lemma
- Hilbert spaces; Inner product spaces
- Polarization identity
- Cauchy Schewarz inequality
- Appalonius identity
- Hilbert space; Pythagorian theorem
- Minimizing vector
- Direct sum
- Orthogonal set; Orthonormal set
- Bessel's inequality
- Total orthonormal sets (definition); Parsevel's equality
- Linear Operator; The Kernel or Null space of a linear operator; Continuous linear operator
- Bounded linear operator
- Norm of a bounded lienar operator
- Linear functionals

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### Notes of other subjects

- Advance Analysis by Ms. Iqra Liaqat
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- Fluid Mechanics I by Dr Rao Muzamal Hussain
- Fluid Mechanics II by Dr Rao Muzamal Hussain
- Functional Analysis by Mr. Tahir Hussain Jaffery
- Functional Analysis by Prof Mumtaz Ahmad
- Fundamental of Complex Analysis (Solutions of Some Exercises)
- Fuzzy Sets Theory by Umar Saeed Bunarai
- General Topology by Raheel Ahmad
- Group Theory by Mr. Muhammad Iftikhar
- Group Theory: Important Definitions and Results
- Groups (Handwritten notes)
- Handwritten Notes of Real Analysis by Asim Marwat
- Linear Algebra: Important Definitions and Results
- Mathematical Method by Khalid Latif Mir (Solutions)
- Mathematical Method by Sir Muhammad Awais Aun
- Mathematical Statistics by Ms. Iqra Liaqat
- Mathematical Statistics I by Muzammil Tanveer
- Mathematical Statistics II by Sir Haidar Ali
- Measure Theory by M Usman Hamid & Saima Akram
- Measure Theory Notes by Anwar Khan
- Mechanics (Easy Notes of Mechanics)
- Mechanics by Sir Nouman Siddique
- Mechanics I (Statics) by Dr Babar Ahmad
- Method of Mathematical Physics by Mr. Muhammad Usman Hamid
- Metric Spaces (Notes)
- Multiple Choice Questions (BSc/BS/PPSC) by Akhtar Abbas
- Number Theory by Dr Muhammad Umer Shuaib
- Number Theory by Ms. Iqra Liaqat
- Number Theory: Handwritten Notes
- Number Theory: Notes by Anwar Khan
- Numerical Analysis by M Usman Hamid
- Numerical Analysis II
- Operation Research by Sir Haidar Ali
- Operation Research: Handwritten Notes
- Partial Differential Equations
- Partial Differential Equations by M Usman Hamid
- Real Analysis (Notes by Prof. Syed Gul Shah)
- Ring (Notes) by Prof. M. Dabeer Mughal
- Rings & Modules by Ms. Iqra Liaqat
- Rings (Handwritten notes)
- Special Functions by Dr. Muhey-U-Din
- Theoretical Mechanics by Khalid Latif Mir (Solutions)
- Theory of Optimization by Ma'am Iqra Razzaq
- Theory of Relativity & Analytic Dynamics: Handwritten Notes
- Topology and Functional Analysis Solved Paper by Noman Khalid
- Topology Notes by Azhar Hussain
- Topology: Handwritten Notes
- Vector & Tensor Analysis by Dr Nawazish Ali (Solutions)
- Vector Space (Review) by Rashad Wattu
- Vector Spaces (Handwritten notes)